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Academia Sinica Formosan Language Digital Library;
Academia Sinica Formosan Language Archive;
Academia Sinica Formosan Language Digital Library

ContributorJohn Kinshnieck
Contributorleeve kazaalae
ContributorLu Yu-zhi
ContributorHui-chen Yu
ContributorNational Science Council
ContributorInstitute of Linguistics, Preparatory Office, Academia Sinica
ContributorElizabeth Zeitoun
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-25T13:10:08Z
dc.date.available2021-07-25T13:10:08Z
Identifierhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/
dc.identifier.urihttps://linghub.org/handle/123456789/1052260
Descriptionhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/ch/default.htm
Descriptionhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/en/default.htm
DescriptionThe Formosan languages belong to a widespread language family called "Austronesian", which include all the languages spoken throughout the islands of the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Madagascar, Indonesian, the Philippines, Taiwan, New Guinea, New Zealand, Hawaii and the islands of Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia). A few languages are found in the Malay peninsula and in the Indo-Chinese peninsula (Vietnam and Cambodia). The Formosan languages exhibit very rich linguistic diversity and the variations that oppose different dialects/languages are enormous. These languages are extremely useful in comparative work but though they have been known to be on the verge of extinction for years, Formosan languages, Formosan linguistics as a specific field has bloomed only very recently, with the participation of more scholars adopting different contemporary linguistic approaches to investigate individual languages or establishing cross-linguistic comparisons. Unlike Chinese, the Formosan languages do not have any writing system and the lack of written records dampen our knowledge of extinct languages. Today, while elders are still able to speak their mother tongues fluently, the young cannot, as a result of migration in the cities and the prevalence of Mandarin Chinese in every day life. We are currently making attempts to record and maintain these languages but we believe that collecting and/or editing existing texts (sentences, textbooks, folktales, narratives) in a digital format constitute the most precious legacy for future generation. In order to achieve our goal, we hope that more people will devote to the study of the Formosan languages and integrate our project. The Formosan Language Archive contains: (i) texts, (ii) a geographical information system and (iii) four databases on related publication. 1. Texts: During the first year project, we have drawn the emphasis on Rukai, a Formosan language which stretches across the south of Taiwan and includes six different dialects (Mantauran, Maga, Tona, Budai, Labuan and Tanan). We provide a search system that enables users to choose one of these dialects and download recorded texts. Each text is divided into sentences and every sentence is translated in both Chinese and English. Glosses allow users to understand the meaning of each word. Users can also listen to the pronunciation of each sentence through the recorded sound file. Every word is analyzed and each morpheme separated by a hyphen. Search permits to understand the use of the various affixes that occur in the language and the lexical category of each word. Currently information on the Mantauran dialect can be searched online. 2. Geographical Information System:The geographical information system permits a search of basic lexical items in the Formosan languages and an identification of cognates and non-cognates and their mapping onto the map of Taiwan. 3. Related Publications:In the past few months, we have constructed four databases that permit publication queries pertaining to: linguistics, language teaching, literature and music.
FormatDuration: 737 minute. MP3 file.
FormatWe have drawn the emphasis on Rukai, a Formosan language which stretches across the south of Taiwan and includes six different dialects (Mantauran, Maga, Tona, Budai, Labuan and Tanan).
Languageen-us
Languagex-sil-CHN
dc.language.isoeng
Publisherhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/
Publisherhttp://www.sinica.edu.tw/
PublisherInstitute of Linguistics, Preparatory Office Academia Sinica
PublisherAcademia Sinica
RightsCopyright 2001 Institute of Linguistics (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica. All rights reserved.
SourceLanguage: Rukai, Dialect:Mantauran,Informant:Yu-zhi Lu, Fieldworker: ElizabethZeitoun and Hui-chuan Lin, Data collected: 1992, 1997-1999 ,Chinese and EnglishTranslations: 1992-2001, Proof-reading and editing: 1999-2001 .The presentvolume aims at narrating the memories of our late Mantauran (Rukai) informant,Lu Yu-zhi, who passed away on May 6, 2000, as they were recorded between August1992 and November 1998, then later edited and revised between January 1999 andMay 2001. The volume is divided into two major parts: the first part consistsof 178 paragraphs translated into Chinese and English with ethnographicillustrations (maps, photos and additional data). The second part providesmorphemic analyses, glosses and linguistic annotations. An index provide a listof major lexical items (derivations are not included, as they will appear inZeitoun c). This work represents the result of years ofcollaboration. Elizabeth Zeitoun began fieldwork on Mantauran (Rukai) in August1992 and later trained Hui-chuan Lin in ethno-linguistics (Sept 1997~), whoeventually published a series of textbooks on Mantauran (Lin 1999). Theinvestigation out of which the present volume grew began as an exploration inthe life of our late informant and the discovery - for both authors - of afascinating world but was not, in the early stages, directed toward the writingof her memories. Two stories - the first on marriage, the second on childbirth- were collected along with other folktales in August 1992 during the veryfirst period of fieldwork on Mantauran. The others were recorded betweenNovember 1997 and November 1998 as short paragraphs to illustrate lexical itemsof the Thematic dictionary (see Lin and Zeitoun 1997) that we were, at thetime, compiling. When it became apparent that these narratives were too longand did not fit into a dictionary, we decided to put them together in aseparate volume where we conserved, however, the major themes that formed thebasis of the Thematic dictionary. We re-organized and edited the data in such away that it could read as a novel. The manuscript was revised and correctedover the years (January 1999 ~ May 2001) but the original (i.e., Mantauran)version was finished, entirely read to Lu Yu-zhi and approved by her during ourlast fieldwork sessions in January 1999.
SubjectDialect Mantauran
TitleAcademia Sinica Formosan Language Archive
TitleAcademia Sinica Formosan Language Digital Library
Typeannotation: Affixes
TypeSound
TypeText
TypeImage
Typelexicon: Lexical_categories
Typeannotation: Chinese_glosses
Typetranscription: IPA
Typeannotation: English_glosses
dcterms.available2001, December
dcterms.contributorJohn Kinshnieck
dcterms.contributorleeve kazaalae
dcterms.contributorLu Yu-zhi
dcterms.contributorHui-chen Yu
dcterms.contributorNational Science Council
dcterms.contributorInstitute of Linguistics, Preparatory Office, Academia Sinica
dcterms.contributorElizabeth Zeitoun
dcterms.coverageTGN: Chung-hua Min-kuo (nation)
dcterms.coverageTaiwan
dcterms.created1992
dcterms.descriptionhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/ch/default.htm
dcterms.descriptionhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/en/default.htm
dcterms.descriptionThe Formosan languages belong to a widespread language family called "Austronesian", which include all the languages spoken throughout the islands of the Pacific and Indian Ocean (Madagascar, Indonesian, the Philippines, Taiwan, New Guinea, New Zealand, Hawaii and the islands of Micronesia, Melanesia and Polynesia). A few languages are found in the Malay peninsula and in the Indo-Chinese peninsula (Vietnam and Cambodia). The Formosan languages exhibit very rich linguistic diversity and the variations that oppose different dialects/languages are enormous. These languages are extremely useful in comparative work but though they have been known to be on the verge of extinction for years, Formosan languages, Formosan linguistics as a specific field has bloomed only very recently, with the participation of more scholars adopting different contemporary linguistic approaches to investigate individual languages or establishing cross-linguistic comparisons. Unlike Chinese, the Formosan languages do not have any writing system and the lack of written records dampen our knowledge of extinct languages. Today, while elders are still able to speak their mother tongues fluently, the young cannot, as a result of migration in the cities and the prevalence of Mandarin Chinese in every day life. We are currently making attempts to record and maintain these languages but we believe that collecting and/or editing existing texts (sentences, textbooks, folktales, narratives) in a digital format constitute the most precious legacy for future generation. In order to achieve our goal, we hope that more people will devote to the study of the Formosan languages and integrate our project. The Formosan Language Archive contains: (i) texts, (ii) a geographical information system and (iii) four databases on related publication. 1. Texts: During the first year project, we have drawn the emphasis on Rukai, a Formosan language which stretches across the south of Taiwan and includes six different dialects (Mantauran, Maga, Tona, Budai, Labuan and Tanan). We provide a search system that enables users to choose one of these dialects and download recorded texts. Each text is divided into sentences and every sentence is translated in both Chinese and English. Glosses allow users to understand the meaning of each word. Users can also listen to the pronunciation of each sentence through the recorded sound file. Every word is analyzed and each morpheme separated by a hyphen. Search permits to understand the use of the various affixes that occur in the language and the lexical category of each word. Currently information on the Mantauran dialect can be searched online. 2. Geographical Information System:The geographical information system permits a search of basic lexical items in the Formosan languages and an identification of cognates and non-cognates and their mapping onto the map of Taiwan. 3. Related Publications:In the past few months, we have constructed four databases that permit publication queries pertaining to: linguistics, language teaching, literature and music.
dcterms.formatDuration: 737 minute. MP3 file.
dcterms.formatWe have drawn the emphasis on Rukai, a Formosan language which stretches across the south of Taiwan and includes six different dialects (Mantauran, Maga, Tona, Budai, Labuan and Tanan).
dcterms.identifierhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/formosan/
dcterms.languageen-us
dcterms.languagex-sil-CHN
dcterms.modified1992-2001
dcterms.publisherhttp://www.ling.sinica.edu.tw/
dcterms.publisherhttp://www.sinica.edu.tw/
dcterms.publisherInstitute of Linguistics, Preparatory Office Academia Sinica
dcterms.publisherAcademia Sinica
dcterms.referencesAcademia Sinica Balanced Corpus of Modern Chinese
dcterms.referenceshttp://www.sinica.edu.tw/SinicaCorpus/
dcterms.referencesAcademia Sinica Tagged Corpus of Early Mandarin Chinese
dcterms.referenceshttp://www.sinica.edu.tw/Early_Mandarin/
dcterms.rightsCopyright 2001 Institute of Linguistics (Preparatory Office), Academia Sinica. All rights reserved.
dcterms.sourceLanguage: Rukai, Dialect:Mantauran,Informant:Yu-zhi Lu, Fieldworker: ElizabethZeitoun and Hui-chuan Lin, Data collected: 1992, 1997-1999 ,Chinese and EnglishTranslations: 1992-2001, Proof-reading and editing: 1999-2001 .The presentvolume aims at narrating the memories of our late Mantauran (Rukai) informant,Lu Yu-zhi, who passed away on May 6, 2000, as they were recorded between August1992 and November 1998, then later edited and revised between January 1999 andMay 2001. The volume is divided into two major parts: the first part consistsof 178 paragraphs translated into Chinese and English with ethnographicillustrations (maps, photos and additional data). The second part providesmorphemic analyses, glosses and linguistic annotations. An index provide a listof major lexical items (derivations are not included, as they will appear inZeitoun c). This work represents the result of years ofcollaboration. Elizabeth Zeitoun began fieldwork on Mantauran (Rukai) in August1992 and later trained Hui-chuan Lin in ethno-linguistics (Sept 1997~), whoeventually published a series of textbooks on Mantauran (Lin 1999). Theinvestigation out of which the present volume grew began as an exploration inthe life of our late informant and the discovery - for both authors - of afascinating world but was not, in the early stages, directed toward the writingof her memories. Two stories - the first on marriage, the second on childbirth- were collected along with other folktales in August 1992 during the veryfirst period of fieldwork on Mantauran. The others were recorded betweenNovember 1997 and November 1998 as short paragraphs to illustrate lexical itemsof the Thematic dictionary (see Lin and Zeitoun 1997) that we were, at thetime, compiling. When it became apparent that these narratives were too longand did not fit into a dictionary, we decided to put them together in aseparate volume where we conserved, however, the major themes that formed thebasis of the Thematic dictionary. We re-organized and edited the data in such away that it could read as a novel. The manuscript was revised and correctedover the years (January 1999 ~ May 2001) but the original (i.e., Mantauran)version was finished, entirely read to Lu Yu-zhi and approved by her during ourlast fieldwork sessions in January 1999.
dcterms.subjectDialect Mantauran
dcterms.titleAcademia Sinica Formosan Language Archive
dcterms.titleAcademia Sinica Formosan Language Digital Library
dcterms.typeannotation: Affixes
dcterms.typeSound
dcterms.typeText
dcterms.typeImage
dcterms.typelexicon: Lexical_categories
dcterms.typeannotation: Chinese_glosses
dcterms.typetranscription: IPA
dcterms.typeannotation: English_glosses
CoverageTGN: Chung-hua Min-kuo (nation)
CoverageTaiwan


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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 825182.